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Ekstrom Library

Government Resources and International Information: Tunisia

About Tunisia

Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths. On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, Prime Minister Mohamed GHANNOUCHI announced the formation of a "national unity government" with the head of the Chamber of Deputies, Fouad M'BAZAA, as the interim president. World Factbook, CIA

Tunisia: Economy, Business, Labor, Banking, Industry and Trade

Tunisia: Education, Literacy and Libraries

Tunisia: Environment, Climate, Geology, Energy, Animals and Natural Disasters

Tunisia: Equality, Democracy, Civil Rights and Human Rights

Tunisia: General Information, Maps and Statistics

Tunisia: Government, Elections and Politics

Tunisia: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness

Tunisia: History, Heritage, Anthropology, Archaeology and Geography

Tunisia: Housing and Construction

Tunisia: International Relations, Cooperation, Diplomacy and Foreign Assistance

Tunisia: Judicial System, Courts and Law

Tunisia: Military, Defense, Security, Intelligence, Terrorism, Conflict and Peace

Tunisia: Population, Census, Immigration, Refugees and Migration