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Ekstrom Library

Government Resources and International Information: Ethiopia


About Ethiopia

Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. Source: World Factbook.

Conflict between the Ethiopian Federal Government and Rebel Groups

Ethiopia: Communication and Information

Ethiopia: Environment, Climate, Geology, Energy, Mining, Animals and Natural Disasters

Ethiopia: Equality, Civil and Human Rights

Ethiopia: General Information and Statistics

Ethiopia: Government, Democracy, Elections and Politics

Ethiopia: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness

Ethiopia: History, Heritage, Anthropology, Archaeology and Geography

Ethiopia: International Relations, Diplomacy and Foreign Assistance

Ethiopia: Population, Census, Immigration, Refugees and Migration

Ethiopia: Poverty, Homelessness, Food Inequality and Social Protection Programs