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Ekstrom Library

Government Resources and International Information: Indonesia


About Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Indonesia's first free parliamentary election after decades of repressive rule took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third-largest democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for past human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face a low intensity separatist movement in Papua. Source: World Factbook,  CIA

Indonesia: Agriculture, Forestry and Aquaculture

Indonesia: Communications, Journalism, Media and Internet

Indonesia: Economy, Business, Labor, Industry and Trade

Indonesia: Education, Literacy and Libraries

Indonesia: Environment, Climate, Geology, Energy, Animals and Natural Disasters

Indonesia: Equality, Democracy, Privacy, Civil and Human Rights

Indonesia: General Information and Statistics

Indonesia: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness

Indonesia: International Relations, Diplomacy and Foreign Assistance

Indonesia: Military, Defense, Security, Intelligence, Terrorism and Peace

Indonesia: Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Space