Skip to Main Content
Ekstrom Library

Government Resources and International Information: South Sudan


About South Sudan

Egypt attempted to colonize the region of southern Sudan by establishing the province of Equatoria in the 1870s. Islamic Mahdist revolutionaries overran the region in 1885, but in 1898 a British force was able to overthrow the Mahdist regime. An Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was established the following year with Equatoria being the southernmost of its eight provinces. The isolated region was largely left to itself over the following decades, but Christian missionaries converted much of the population and facilitated the spread of English. When Sudan gained its independence in 1956, it was with the understanding that the southerners would be able to participate fully in the political system. When the Arab Khartoum government reneged on its promises, a mutiny began that led to two prolonged periods of conflict (1955-1972 and 1983-2005) in which perhaps 2.5 million people died - mostly civilians - due to starvation and drought. Ongoing peace talks finally resulted in a Comprehensive Peace Agreement, signed in January 2005. As part of this agreement the south was granted a six-year period of autonomy to be followed by a referendum on final status. The result of this referendum, held in January 2011, was a vote of 98% in favor of secession. Independence was attained on 9 July 2011. Source: World Factbook

South Sudan: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

South Sudan: Communications, Data and Information

South Sudan: Conflict

South Sudan: Economy, Business, Labor, Banking, Industry and Trade

South Sudan: Environment, Climate, Geology, Energy, Mining, Animals and Natural Disasters

South Sudan: Equality, Democracy, Privacy, Civil and Human Rights

South Sudan: Family, Youth and Children

South Sudan: Government, Elections and Politics

South Sudan: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness

South Sudan: History, Heritage, Anthropology, Archaeology and Geography

South Sudan: International Relations, Diplomacy and Foreign Assistance