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Ekstrom Library

Government Resources: International Information: Brazil


About Brazil

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems. In January 2010, Brazil assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term. Source: World Factbook


Christ of the Andes

Brazil: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

Brazil: Arts, Culture, Entertainment and Sports

Brazil: Communications and Information

Brazil: Environment, Climate, Geology, Energy, Mining, Animals and Natural Disasters

Brazil: Equality, Democracy, Civil and Human Rights

Brazil: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness

Brazil: History, Anthropology, Archaeology and Geography

Brazil: International Relations, Diplomacy and Foreign Assistance

Brazil: Military, Defense, Security, Terrorism and Peace

Brazil: Population, Census, Immigration, Refugees and Migration

Brazil: Public Safety, Law Enforcement and Crime

Brazil: Science and Technology

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