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Ekstrom Library

Government Resources and International Information: Taiwan


About Taiwan

In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform. Source: World Factbook

Taiwan: Agriculture, Forestry and Aquaculture

Taiwan: Communications, Broadcasting, Journalism, Media and Internet

Taiwan: Environment, Climate, Geology, Energy, Mining, Animals and Natural Disasters

Taiwan: Equality, Democracy, Civil and Human Rights

Taiwan: Marriage, Family, Youth and Children

Taiwan: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness

Taiwan: Judicial System, Courts and Laws

Taiwan: Public Safety, Corrections, Law Enforcement and Crime

Taiwan: Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Space