Skip to Main Content

Asian Studies: Mongolia


Mongolian Flag


Encyclopedia Britannica - Mongolia

Information on the land, people, economy, administration and social conditions, cultural life, and history. 

The World Factbook - Mongolia

Basic intelligence on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, environment, communications, transportation, military, terrorism, and transnational issues.

The Mongols in World History

Asia for Educators (AFE) of Columbia University provides educational materials on world history, culture, geography, art, and literature at the undergraduate and pre-college levels. 

Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire

Infobase provides open access to research databases, streaming video collections, DVDs, and eBooks covering Ancient and Medieval History.

BBC Country Profiles - Mongolia

An instant guide to the history, politics, and economic background of countries and territories.

Mongolia : A Country Study

Offers a comprehensive description and analysis of the country or region's historical setting, geography, society, economy, political system, and foreign policy. 

UofL Government Resource Guide - Mongolia

Our Government Resources guide provides an extensive list of articles related to politics, culture, and society

Secondary Sources

Use these databases to find articles and/or essays in scholarly journals and books.

Primary Sources

These databases and websites provide access to digital archival materials such as manuscripts, letters, photographs, moving image and sound materials, artwork, books, diaries, and other artifacts. You can also visit our main pages for Asia and East Asia for additional databases and resources covering broader regions.

Open Access

Digital Archive of Mongolian Newspapers 1990-1995

This collection consists of digital images of 59 different newspaper titles originally published between 1990-1995 in Mongolia. The range of newspapers in this collection represents unique historical material documenting political changes and the development of the independent press in Mongolia after the fall of Communism in the early 1990s.

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: Mongolia Maps

This is a collection of digital images of archived maps provided by the University of Texas.

The Art of the Ilkhanid Period, 1256–1353 (Metropolitan Museum of Art)

National Museum of Asian Art - Mongolia (Smithsonian)

Selected Mongolian Laws and Regulations 1917-1940

This is a collection of laws and regulations written during the early years of the independent Mongolian state and People's Republic of Mongolia (PRM) spanning 1917-1940. (Provided by the American Center for Mongolian Studies)

Documentation of Mongolian Monasteries

This online database features more than a thousand historical and extant Buddhist sites in the Mongolian People’s Republic. In addition to providing comprehensive geospatial data and extensive notes on the Buddhist sites, the database is also an invaluable trove for oral histories as well as many other indispensable resources on Mongolian Buddhism.  

Discovering Inner Asian Monasteries

The BDRC database has compiled the largest online digital library of Tibetan-language Buddhist texts and an extensive database of persons and places connected with this literature. 

Mongolian and Manchu Collection

The Harvard-Yenching Library's Mongolian-language materials are primarily written in the classical script.The collection includes the "red copy" of the Mongolian Kanjur printed in Peking in 1724. It also includes a variety of dictionaries and language manuals for Chinese and Manchu as well as modern scholarship from Inner Mongolia, and Mongolian translations of the Chinese classics.

East Asian Writing Systems: Mongolia

This webpage provides a list of websites in the Mongolian traditional script (vertical script). Note that many websites will work only on particular browsers or operating systems.

Tod Nomin Gerel Collection

This collection contains Oirat religious, historical and literary documents scanned from collections in Khovd and Bayan Ulgii Provinces in Mongolia. These texts are written in Clear Script Oirat, Tibetan and Classical Mongolian Script. The materials range from large, ‘oversize’ sutras to small, pocket sized sutras designed for Buddhist Lamas to carry. The original materials are hand-made copies of originals created prior to the advent of photoduplicating machines, in a ritual that was performed up until the Socialist period [1920-1990]. These ritual practices were abolished during the Socialist period and subsequent duplicating technology has made these rituals for the most part obsolete. The materials were scanned in cooperation with the American Center for Mongolian Studies and Tod Nomyn Gerel Center with a grant from the Department of Education TICFIA program.


Recommended Books

The Mongol Empire
Culture and Customs of Mongolia
Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire
The Mongols and the Islamic World
Lesser Dragons
The Horde
Genghis Khan and the Quest for God


The State, Popular Mobilisation and Gold Mining in Mongolia
Subjective Lives and Economic Transformations in Mongolia
Trust and Mistrust in the Economies of the China-Russia Borderlands
Remapping Travel Narratives, 1000-1700
Shaping Urban Futures in Mongolia


UofL Databases


Recommended Titles:

BBC Selected Newspaper Articles: Mongolia

BBC Selected Wire Articles: Mongolia    

Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Mongolia)    

The UB Post (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia)


UofL Databases

Open Access

Mongolian Data Stories

This blog is published by a data scientist and educator based in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia interested in telling “the hidden side” of Mongolia through data. All of the code, notebooks, and data for all the posts on the site are available in a Github Repository