top of page Skip to Main Content

Misinformation Lexicon: Handout

Misinformation Lexicon. Misinformation: false information, shared unintentionally or with an intent to deceive, that has the power to influence others. Disinformation: false or distorted information spread with the intent of influencing, manipulating, or deceiving the audience. Hoax: a fabricated story, often taking the form of a humorous prank. Satire/Comedy: misinformation intended to make the audience laugh, but often believed as true and shared. Fake news: false news stories including hoaxes, satire, or lies; also used as a term to discredit legitimate journalism. Propaganda: a form of political persuasion intended to manipulate the audience; often one-sided and emotionally charged. Astroturfing: political or corporate propaganda that creates a misleading impression of grassroots support. Conspiracy theories: narratives suggesting that the official version of an event is false and powerful forces are in control. Deepfake: manipulated image or video in which someone seems to be saying or doing something they didn’t say or do. Motivated reasoning: the tendency to be less skeptical of information that reinforces what someone already believes. Continued influence effect: the ongoing influence of misinformation on the audience’s beliefs, even after it has been corrected.

Creative Commons License CC by NC 4.0

Citizen Literacy was created by Robert Detmering, Amber Willenborg, and Terri Holtze for University of Louisville Libraries and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

Discover. Create. Succeed.