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Kornhauser Health Sciences Library

Evidence-Based Practice: Introduction


Evidence-Based Medicine

"Evidence-based medicine is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence-based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research." (Sackett DL, Rosenberg WM, Gray JA, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence based medicine: What it is and what it isn't. BMJ. 1996; 312(7023):71-72. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.312.7023.71)

Evidence-Based Dentistry

" approach to oral healthcare that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinically relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences." (American Dental Association. About EBD. ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry.

Evidence-Based Nursing

" integration of the best evidence available, nursing expertise, and the values and preferences of the individuals, families, and communities who are served." (Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. Evidence-based nursing position statement. Revised July 6, 2005.

Steps of EBP

1. Assess the patient and their needs.


2. Ask a focused clinical question.


3. Acquire evidence.


4. Appraise the evidence.


5. Apply the evidence to practice.

Additional EBP Information

EBP and Health Equity