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Kornhauser Health Sciences Library

Evidence Based Practice: PICO/PECO

This Evidence Based Practice site, created and maintained by Kornhauser Health Sciences Library, contains carefully selected and compiled resources for writing, promoting, and using evidence based research.
P

Patient, Population or Problem

How would I describe a group of patients similar to mine?
What is the condition or disease you are interested in?

I

Intervention, Prognostic Factor, or Exposure

Which main intervention, prognostic factor, or exposure am I considering?
What do you want to do with this patient (e.g. treat, diagnose, observe)?

C

Comparison

What is the alternative to the intervention (e.g. placebo, different drug, surgery)?
What is the main alternative to compare with the intervention?

O

Outcome

What are the relevant outcomes (e.g. morbidity, death, complications)?
What can I hope to accomplish, measure, improve, or affect?

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