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Ekstrom Library

Science and Technology: Moon


The Apollo Moon Landing, July 20, 1969 (NASA)

President Obama Honors The Astronauts of Apollo 11, 2009 (White House)

In 2009, President Obama welcomed Neil Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crewmembers Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin to the White House in honor of the 40th anniversary of the Armstrong’s historic first steps on the lunar surface. Source: NASA (

The Moon

photo of Moon

Moon Facts

  • The distance From Earth is 363,301 kilometers (225,745 miles).
  • The radius of the moon is 1,738 kilometer (1,080 miles), the diameter is 3476 kilometers (2,160 miles).
  • Total weight: of the moon is 74 sextillion kilograms (81 Quintillion Tons).
  • When sunlight hits the moon's surface, the temperature can reach 253 degrees F (123 C). The "dark   side of the moon" can have temperatures dipping to minus 243 F (minus 153 C).
  • Gravity at the surface of the moon is 1/6 that of the Earth.
  • The Orbital speed of the moon is 3680 km per hour (2,287 mph).
  • It would take 135 days to drive by car (@70 mph) to the moon
  • It takes several days of flight-time to get to the moon by rocket.
  • The age of the oldest rock collected is 4.5 Billion years old.
  • The rocks collected by Apollo weigh 382 kg (842 pounds).
  • The moon's widest craters are 225 km (140 miles) in diameter.
  • The moon's deepest craters are 4,500 meters (15,000 ft.)
  • The moon's highest mountains are 5,000 meters (16,000 ft)
  • From Earth, we always see the same side of the moon.

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