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Ekstrom Library

Government Resources: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness: Sleep

About Sleep

Until the 1950s, most people thought of sleep as a passive, dormant part of our daily lives. We now know that our brains are very active during sleep. Moreover, sleep affects our daily functioning and our physical and mental health in many ways that we are just beginning to understand.

Map of Sleep Insufficiency (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Map of Sleep Insufficiency

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Unhealthy Sleep Behaviors

Sleep Duration and Workers

Sleep Duration: Family, Children and Youth

Sleep Duration (General Information)

What Should I Do If I Can't Sleep?

It's important to practice good sleep hygiene, but if your sleep problems persist or if they interfere with how you feel or function during the day, you should seek evaluation and treatment by a physician, preferably one familiar with assessing and treating sleep disorders. Before visiting your physician, keep a diary of your sleep habits for about ten days to discuss at the visit.

Include the following in your sleep diary, when you

  • Go to bed.
  • Go to sleep.
  • Wake up.
  • Get out of bed.
  • Take naps.
  • Exercise.
  • Consume alcohol.
  • Consume caffeinated beverages.

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