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Government Resources: Health, Disability, Safety, Nutrition and Fitness: Alcohol


Alcohol Key Web Links

About Alcohol

 What is alcohol?

Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor. Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches.

 How does alcohol affect a person?

Alcohol affects every organ in the body. It is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes; however, the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. The intensity of the effect of alcohol on the body is directly related to the amount consumed.  Source: CDC



Alcohol Dependence

Some signs of alcohol dependence are:

•Need to drink more to get the same effect from alcohol

•Have not been able to cut down or stop

•Have symptoms of withdrawal when you try to quit or cut down. Some of these are tremors, sweating, nausea, or insomnia.

•Have not been able to stop drinking once you have started

•Continue to drink, even though alcohol is causing emotional or physical problems, or problems with your family, friends, or job

•Spend a lot of time drinking, thinking about drinking, or recovering from drinking

•Spend less time on other activities that used to be important or that you enjoyed

Source: What type of drinker are you?

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