Use these databases to find articles and/or essays in scholarly journals and books.
Overview or opinion articles: these articles tend to be shorter, written for a more general audience (or an audience outside of the specialization area). They can be written by journalists or by scholars. They often appear in magazines such as Scientific American or the Economist, but they can also appear in scholarly journals sometimes too. They are useful for background information if you are new to a topic, but they often will not be in-depth enough for use in a research paper. Examples: "Making Every Drop Count" or "Thirsty California Turns to Sea and Sewer"
Literature reviews: These articles (or sometimes book chapters) review all the relevant literature on a given topic. Sometimes they will be organized chronologically such as this one "Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Five Decades of Experience" while others will be organized by topic. They can be useful both to cite as a source and for identifying other good sources of information.
Scientific studies: These articles present the findings of scientific investigations conducted by the authors. They will clearly explain how the experiment was conducted and the results found such as this one "Evaluation of a Urea Bioelectrochemical System for Wastewater Treatment Processes" or they will explain how the author(s) applied a mathematical or other type of theoretical model to a problem such as this one "Cost comparison of seawater for toilet flushing and wastewater recycling".
EndNote is a citation management program that is a helpful tool for graduate students. You can
The program works with Microsoft Word to help you cite your sources in a variety of styles. Go to our Endnote Research Guide for information on how to download this program (free to UofL students, faculty, and staff), workshops, and other help information.