The key distinction between scholarly, or academic, journals and other publications is that research articles in scholarly journals are written and reviewed by academic experts in the designated field. This process is called peer review. Although some publications may contain both peer-reviewed and non-peer reviewed articles, here are some general guidelines for distinguishing scholarly journals from trade and news publications.
|Scholarly Journals||Trade Publications||Magazines|
|Purpose||Share original research or experimentation||Provide news and information about a profession or industry||Provide general information|
|Audience||Scholars||People working in or with the particular trade||General public|
|Authors||Scholars with listed affiliations / credentials||Practitioners, staff and freelance followers of the industry||Staff and / or freelance writers|
|Sources||Footnotes and / or bibliographies||Sometimes brief footnotes and sources||Sometimes brief footnotes and sources|