Skip to main content

Style Guides: Chicago Manual of Style

Examples of citations for books and notes


  • Take the title from the title page, not the book cover.

One Author

   B: Goldwater, Robert. Primitivism in Modern Art. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1986.

   N:  Robert Goldwater,  Primitivism in Modern Art (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1986), 46.

Editor or Compiler

  • If the person named on the title page is the editor or compiler, rather than author, add a comma then the abbreviation "ed." or "comp."

Carpenter, Allan, comp. Facts About the Cities. New York: Wilson, 1992.

Two or More Authors

  • List the names in the order they appear on the title page.
  • Only the first author's name should be reversed: Last Name, First Name.
  • Use a comma between the authors’ names and a period after the last author’s name.
  • For four or more authors, in the note, list  only the first and add et al. List all the names in the bibliography.

   B: Marmor, Max, and Alex Ross. Guide to the Literature of Art History 2.  Chicago:  American Library Association, 2004.

   N: Max Marmor and Alex Ross, Guide to the Literature of Art History 2  (Chicago:  American Library Association, 2004), 376.

Two or More Sources by the Same Author

  • In the bibliography, when citing two or more sources by the same author, give the name in the first entry only.   For the name in the following entries, use three hyphens followed by a period a space and then the title.
  • In the notes, use ibid. to refer to a single work cited in the note immediately preceding.
  • In the notes, use the author’s last name and a shortened version of the title.

   B: Berger, John. About Looking. New York: Pantheon Books, 1980.
I Send You This Cadmium Red. Barcelona: ACTAR, 2000.

   N: John Berger, About Looking (New York: Pantheon Books, 1980), 54.
      Ibid., 37-38.

      Berger, I Send You, 129.


Second or Other Edition

  • If an edition is given, specify it by number (2nd ed.), name (Rev. ed.), or year (2004 ed.).

   B: Stokstad, Marilyn.  Art History. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 2011.

   N: Marilyn Stokstad,  Art History. 4th ed. (Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 2011), 83.



   B: Barthelme, Frederick.  “Architecture."  Kansas Quarterly 13.3-4 (1981): 77-80.

   N: Frederick Barthelme, “Architecture,"  Kansas Quarterly 13.3-4 (1981): 77.


  • Complete publication information may not be available for a Web site; provide what is given. Include the date(s) the website was accessed.

Part of a Web site

   B:  Google. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11, 2009.

   N: “Google Privacy Policy,” last modified March 11, 2009,


For more information, see the Chicago Manual of Style on the reference shelf.  (Ref Z 253 .U69 2010)


Go to top of page Go to bottom of page

University of Louisville
Louisville, KY 40292


tel 502.852.6757

fax 502.852.8736

Discover. Create. Succeed.